vasthu rogāschāhara sambhavāh
visheshātcha visheshah sukhadukhayoh!!
Diet plays an important role in
Ayurveda, restriction or modification of which would help in curing of the
disease. The Panchabhoota theory of Ayurveda says that the same primordial
elements combine to form gross elements of nature whether in the form of
food, medicine or man. The disturbance of doshas caused in man due to
disease are brought back to equilibrium by the medicines and suitable
foods containing the opposite effects of the symptoms caused by the
Diet also plays major role in the maintenance of a healthy life. If the
diet consumed by the individuals is in accordance with their constitution,
sound health prevails. If unsuitable and wrong diet is consumed, disease
follows. So a planned and knowledgeable intake of diet prevents disease.
Dietary products due to their inherent qualities, either pacify the
vitiated doshas and restore health, or aggravate the doshas causing
imbalance in their equilibrium and cause disease.
Dietary products are classified according to their sources namely plant
products, animal products and minerals.
Charaka has mentioned the dietary products, which are generally suitable
for maintenance of health as; rice, green gram, Rock salt, Amalaki (Emblica
officianalis), barley, milk, ghee, meat from animal sources and honey.
Charaka has also mentioned the dietary products, which generally are not
suitable and to be avoided are; Dried meat, Dried vegetables, tubers of
lotus, milk of diseased animals, pork, beef, curd, fish etc.
There are certain food items which should never be taken in combination,
as they disturb the equilibrium of the doshas and lead to onset of several
diseases. For eg…
1. Meat with milk, honey, jaggery, radish, black gram or sprouts.
2. Fish with milk
3. Honey and ghee in equal proportions
4. Milk with black gram, sour fruits, salt and raw foods
5. Banana with milk, curd (Yoghurt), butter milk (Yoghurt diluted with
6. Lemon with curd (Yoghurt), jaggery, ghee, or honey.
7. Fruits along with lunch or dinner (can be had with a gap).
8. Curd (Yoghurt) during nights.
Seasonal variations can also influence our digestive system and as well as
our health. Dietary products to be consumed in various seasons are
mentioned in Ayurveda.
Vasantha ritu (autumn): Wheat, meat of wild animals is recommended. Avoid
sour, sweet and oily food.
Greeshma ritu (summer): Sweets, cold liquids, oily diet, meat of wild
animals, ghee (clarified butter), milk, rice. Avoid salty, sour and
pungent food, alcohol.
Varsha ritu (rainy): sour, salty and oily food, barley, wheat, old rice,
meat of wild animals, honey.
Sharad ritu (post-rainy): Sweets, easily digestible food, bitters, meat of
wild animals, barley, wheat, old rice, ghee (clarified).
Hemantha ritu (winter): Rice, Cow milk, dishes made from cane juice, oily
food, sour and salty food, oils, warm water.
Shishira ritu (pre-autumn): Pungent, bitter and astringent tasting foods
and easily digestible food.
A general direction to the diets advised to persons with certain
predominant constitutions is described in Ayurveda. All the three doshas
prevail in all persons and permutations and combinations of the
three doshas in differing proportions ascertain the dominant constitution of any
individual. The various diets advised are as follows.
Diet advised to the Vata predominant constitution persons: Should possess
tastes of Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour) and Lavana (salt). Wheat, rice,
millets, black gram, green gram, sesame, radish, brinjal, yellow pumpkin,
bottle gourd, onion, grey gourd, carrot, beet root, ash gourd, snake
gourd, garlic, ginger, black pepper, long pepper, mustard, fenugreek,
cinnamon, coriander, cumin, Asafoetida, ripe mango, papaya, orange, pine
apple, apple, banana, grapes, coconut, strawberry, custard apple,
gooseberry, cherry plum, lemon, pomegranate, guava, dates, cashew, sesame
oil, coconut oil, mustard oil, cow milk, buffalo milk, butter, ghee,
cream, cheese, curd, sea food, mutton, beef, chicken, pork, egg, deer meat
Diet advised to the Pitta predominant constitution persons: Should possess
tastes of Madhura (sweet), Tikta (bitter) and Kashaya (astringent). Old
rice, millets, Maize, green gram, Bengal gram, pigeon pea, sesame, drum
stick, bitter gourd, yam, cabbage, bottle gourd, ribbed gourd, lady's
finger, ash gourd, cucumber, snake gourd, spinach, mushroom, cauliflower,
long pepper, clove, coriander, ripe mango, apple, banana, grapes, custard
apple, gooseberry, pomegranate, jack fruit, dates, sesame oil, cow milk,
buffalo milk, butter, ghee, cream, mutton, pork, deer meat etc.
Diet advised to the Kapha predominant constitution persons: Should possess
tastes of Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter) and Kashaya (astringent). Rice,
millets, corn, barley, green gram, red gram, horse gram, pea nut, Bengal
gram, pigeon pea, sesame, drum stick, bitter gourd, potato, tomato, bottle
gourd, grey gourd, ribbed gourd, carrot, cucumber, cauliflower, garlic,
ginger, black pepper, long pepper, mustard, fenugreek, cinnamon, cardamom,
red chillies, green chillies, coriander, cumin, Asafoetida, raw mango,
pineapple, grapes, gooseberry, lemon, pomegranate, jack fruit, dates,
sesame oil, mustard oil, sunflower oil, cow milk, mutton, chicken, deer
Dietary products influence the pathophysiology of the diseased conditions
and also interfere with the pharmacological actions of the prescribed
drugs. Due to this reason, dietary products to be consumed in different
diseases were mentioned and these should not be ignored to get better